Benefits and Value of Occupational Therapy
For decades, occupational therapy has been a vital profession within healthcare that supports the long-term health, quality of life and the productivity of Canadians. Since first introducing guidelines for client-centred practice with the Department of National Health and Welfare in the 1980s, the practice has continually proven to be successful – so much so, that most health agencies, advocates and academic are calling for more movement toward the client-centred practice in order to improve outcomes and reduce unnecessary expenditures.
Occupational therapists work with patients with a wide variety of physical, mental and cognitive conditions which are often chronic in nature, and require ongoing care. By looking at the environment, necessary tasks, skills, as well as educating the client/family, occupational therapists work to increase participation in, and performance of, daily activities.
Articles Demonstrating the Value of Investing in Occupational Therapy
March 2018 | Age and Aging
Supported Discharge Teams that include occupational therapy can: Support older people with a variety of conditions to be discharged earlier from hospital, reduce risk of readmission to hospital for older people, and have an important role to play in increasing bed capacity of hospitals. Read More
January 2018 | University of Southern California
New results from a University of Southern California-led research study demonstrates the distinct value of occupational therapy for improving the health and quality of life of young adults living with diabetes. Read More
July 2017 | Current Opinion in Psychiatry
There is a growing body of evidence regarding the value of interventions addressing occupational engagement of individuals with severe mental illness, including a range of activation strategies and approaches. Read More
July 2017 | The Cochrane LibraryWe found low-quality evidence that occupational therapy targeted towards activities of daily living after stroke can improve performance in activities of daily living and reduce the risk of deterioration in these abilities. Read More
July 2017 | Royal College of Occupational Therapists
Access to an occupational therapy assessment at the hospital front door cuts admissions and discharge delays (by up to 80%) and reduces the time patients spend in hospital unnecessarily. Read More
Home- and Community-Based Occupational Therapy Improves Functioning in Frail Older People: A Systematic Review
April 2017 | Clinical Management of the Older AdultThere is strong evidence that occupational therapy improves functioning in community-dwelling physically frail older people. Read More
Functional Outcomes of the Low Vision Depression Prevention Trial in Age-Related Macular Degeneration
March 2017 | Investigative Ophthamology & Visual Science
Occupational therapy for delirium management in elderly patients without mechanical ventilation in an intensive care unit: A pilot randomized clinical trial.
February 2017 | Journal of Critical Care
Occupational therapy is effective in decreasing duration and incidence of delirium in nonventilated elderly patients in the intensive care unit and improved functionality at discharge. Read More
September 2016 | Medical Care Research and ReviewWe found that occupational therapy is the only spending category where additional spending has a statistically significant association with lower readmission rates for all three medical conditions. Read More
Read CAOT-BC blog post
September 2016 | Health Affairs
The program, described in this innovation profile, uses an interprofessional team (an occupational therapist, a registered nurse, and a handyman) to help participants achieve goals they set. Read More